Carbon offset projects
Bandeira and Capelli are two ceramic factories in the state of Alagoas in north-eastern Brazil that produce roof tiles and bricks for the local market. Here, kilns for ceramics are traditionally fired with wood. This causes significant amounts of carbon emissions and is one of the reasons for massive deforestation in the Caatinga, a species-rich forest area that is already under threat. The two ceramic factories have, therefore, switched to sustainable fuels: renewable biomass such as coconut shells, sawdust, sugar cane waste and sustainably grown bamboo.
Additionally, the project has received verification according to the Social Carbon Standard, which requires social and ecological improvements besides the CO2 criteria.
This project supports „Kitchen Brazil“: meals made of saved food are distributed in the communities.
Medical and dental care for the employees, construction of public housing.
Fighting against illiteracy of the employees, daily lectures in Portuguese and mathematics classes.
Focus on safety, health care and education of the employes: technical trainings are provided, machines are updated and cafeteria and bathrooms were renovated.
Active sensibilisation of the local community for environmental issues, e.g. by promoting field trips of local schools and hosting cultural events.
The kilns for ceramic are fired with renewable biomass. The ashes are used for road covers in the factories.
Renewable biomass instead of wood safes the forests as a CO2-sink.
Protection and preservation of the biodiversity, especially in the Caatinga.
Biomass projects involve energy being created from renewable biomass, which could be coconut shells, sawdust, wood chips, the residue of sugar cane processing, bamboo or wood from sustainable sources. No trees are felled, or fossil fuels burned, so no CO2 is emitted.
As an additional greenhouse gas reduction measure, such projects mostly involve preventing biomass from rotting in the open air, so that no methane (CH4) is released.