Carbon offset projects
A sugarcane factory in Gangakhed generates electricity from sugar production refuse, such as bagasse. Since the operation is running so well, the factory is purchasing additional biomass from farmers in its vicinity, like cow dung. That means the farmers have additional income, and the factory saves carbon emissions in two ways. On the one hand, the biomass would otherwise rot and release a great deal of methane into the atmosphere. And on the other hand, the factory now no longer needs to use fossil fuels for production. Excess electricity, by the way, is fed into the local power grid and supplies further households.
Each year, 8,000 people are able to receive a medical examination free of charge.
The sugar factory supplies the surrounding villages with free drinking water and maintains around 100 fountains and public water dispensers.
The farmers can also obtain additional income. They often live under the poorest conditions and have very low levels of education – with hardly any opportunities for better-paid work.
Around 10,000 local farmers are involved in the project as biomass suppliers. They receive technical support, training, and their own land parcels.
Avoidance of methane and CO2.
Biomass projects involve energy being created from renewable biomass, which could be coconut shells, sawdust, wood chips, the residue of sugar cane processing, bamboo or wood from sustainable sources. No trees are felled, or fossil fuels burned, so no CO2 is emitted.
As an additional greenhouse gas reduction measure, such projects mostly involve preventing biomass from rotting in the open air, so that no methane (CH4) is released.